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Drill Bits Buying Guide: What You Need to Know


You might start a do-it-yourself project with a lot of enthusiasm and the goal of making something exceptional. As you get your tools together to make your plans come true, one thing stands out: the drill bit.

Often overlooked but crucial to the success of your project, choosing the right drill bit can make all the difference in achieving precise and efficient results. In this comprehensive buying guide, you will delve into everything you need to know before you buy drill bits in Australia.

What Is a Drill Bit?

A drill bit is a small tool that attaches to a drill. It’s the part that cuts into materials like wood, metal, or plastic when you’re drilling holes or making openings. Drill bits come in different shapes and sizes, and they’re made of various materials depending on what you’re drilling into and how durable you need the bit to be.

Drill Bit Types: Physical Shape

Twist Bit

A twist bit is one of the most common types of drill bits, recognizable by its long, spiral-shaped design. It’s used for drilling holes in various materials like wood, metal, and plastic.

Twist bits have a pointed tip that helps to center the hole and sharp edges for cutting into the material. They come in different sizes to create holes of varying diameters.

Spade Bit

Spade bits, also known as paddle bits, have a flat, paddle-shaped design with a pointed tip. They’re commonly used for drilling large holes in wood and are preferred for rough, fast drilling. Spade bits have a wide cutting edge that quickly removes material, but they can cause splintering on the exit side of the hole.

Hole Saw

A hole saw consists of a cylindrical metal housing with a serrated edge and a central drill bit. It’s used for cutting large-diameter holes in wood, metal, plastic, and other materials. Hole saws create clean, precise holes and are commonly used in carpentry, plumbing, and electrical work.

Step Bit

Step bits, also known as step drills or units, have a conical shape with multiple stepped diameters. They’re designed for drilling holes of various sizes in thin materials like sheet metal, plastic, and aluminum.

Step bits gradually increase in diameter, allowing users to drill multiple hole sizes with a single bit. They’re versatile and suitable for applications where precise hole sizing is not critical. Step bits are commonly used in electrical and HVAC installations.

Drill Bit Types: Drill Bit Material

High-Carbon Steel

High-carbon steel drill bits are made from a durable alloy of iron and carbon. They are relatively inexpensive and suitable for drilling holes in soft materials like wood, plastic, and soft metals. However, high-carbon steel bits can become dull quickly when used on harder materials and may require frequent sharpening or replacement.

High-Speed Steel

High-speed steel (HSS) drill bits are made from a special alloy of steel with added elements like tungsten, molybdenum, and chromium. HSS bits are harder and more heat-resistant than high-carbon steel bits, making them suitable for drilling into tougher materials like stainless steel, cast iron, and aluminum. They maintain their sharpness for longer periods and are less prone to dulling.

Carbide or Carbide-Tipped

Carbide drill bits are made from a compound of tungsten carbide particles bonded together with a metal binder, typically cobalt. These bits are extremely hard and durable, making them ideal for drilling into hard materials like concrete, masonry, and ceramics. Carbide-tipped bits have a carbide cutting edge brazed onto a steel body, combining the strength of carbide with the flexibility of steel.


Drill bit coatings are applied to the surface of the bit to enhance performance and prolong tool life. Common coatings include titanium nitride (TiN), titanium carbonitride (TiCN), and titanium aluminum nitride (TiAlN).

These coatings provide increased lubricity, heat resistance, and wear resistance, reducing friction and heat buildup during drilling.

Drill Bit Types: Working Material


Metal drill bits, also known as twist bits, are designed specifically for drilling holes in metal materials such as steel, aluminum, and brass. They typically have a sharp, pointed tip and flutes along the length of the bit to remove metal chips during drilling.

Metal drill bits come in various sizes and can be used with both handheld and stationary drilling equipment. They are made from materials such as high-speed steel (HSS) or cobalt for durability and heat resistance.


Masonry drill bits are engineered for drilling into hard materials like concrete, brick, and stone. They have a carbide tip that is specially designed to withstand the extreme hardness of masonry materials. The tip may be shaped like a chisel or have a tungsten carbide insert for added durability.

Masonry drill bits often feature deep flutes and a wide spiral design to facilitate the removal of debris while drilling. They are available in various lengths and diameters to suit different drilling applications.


Wood drill bits, also known as brad point or spade bits, are designed for drilling holes in wood and other soft materials. They typically have a sharp, pointed tip that helps to center the hole and prevent wandering.

Different types of wood drill bits, like twist bits, spade bits, and auger bits, are used for different types of woodworking projects. They are often made from high-carbon steel or high-speed steel for strength and sharpness.

Have Enough Knowledge About Drill Bits

In conclusion, having enough knowledge about drill bits is essential for successful drilling projects. So, go ahead, explore the world of drill bits, and unleash your creativity and craftsmanship!

The post Drill Bits Buying Guide: What You Need to Know appeared first on World Newswire.

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